Dr.E. Gajendran, Dr.S.R.Boselin Prabhu, M. Pradeep


The amount of water evaporated from the soil surface and lost through transpiration of the crop is collectively called evapotranspiration. With drip irrigation, evaporation from the soil is minimized, particularly in plastic mulch production systems, leaving crop transpiration as the main component of water loss. In this paper a concise outline for improving throughput and average end to end delay of information gathered from the agriculture field for precision agriculture, using a distributed clustering mechanism has been outlined. This algorithm offers a throughput of 180 bits/seconds. Besides delivery of water level information packets/signals to base station, it also computes a threshold as well as calculates the values based on transmission range. This overall computational mechanism helps us to build a robust mechanism for delivery of information to the base station, thus reducing the packet loss. A wireless sensor network is a system consisting of sensor nodes, which incorporates a radio frequency transceiver, sensor, microcontroller and a power source. Recent advances in wireless sensor networking technology have led to the expansion of low cost, low power, multifunctional sensor nodes. Sensor nodes facilitate environment sensing together with data processing, are able to network with other sensor systems and exchange data with external users. Sensor networks are used for a variety of applications including wireless data acquisition, environmental monitoring, irrigation management, safety management and in many other areas. 

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